HL7 Terminology (THO)
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This page is part of the HL7 Terminology (v5.5.0: Release) based on FHIR (HL7® FHIR® Standard) R4. This is the current published version in its permanent home (it will always be available at this URL). For a full list of available versions, see the Directory of published versions

CodeSystem: Ethnicity

Official URL: http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/v3-Ethnicity Version: 4.0.0
Active as of 2022-01-30 Responsible: Health Level Seven International Computable Name: Ethnicity
Other Identifiers: urn:ietf:rfc:3986#Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)#urn:oid:2.16.840.1.113883.5.50

Copyright/Legal: This material derives from the HL7 Terminology THO. THO is copyright ©1989+ Health Level Seven International and is made available under the CC0 designation. For more licensing information see: https://terminology.hl7.org/license

Deprecation Information: Deprecated due to UP-265. This code system in NOT the acknowledged source of truth for Ethnicity concepts and codes. It should no longer be used. https://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem-CDCREC.html should be used in its place. In the United States, federal standards for classifying data on ethnicity determine the categories used by federal agencies and exert a strong influence on categorization by state and local agencies and private sector organizations. The federal standards do not conceptually define ethnicity, and they recognize the absence of an anthropological or scientific basis for ethnicity classification. Instead, the federal standards acknowledge that ethnicity is a social-political construct in which an individual’s own identification with a particular ethnicity is preferred to observer identification. The standards specify two minimum ethnicity categories: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino. The standards define a Hispanic or Latino as a person of “Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, South or Central America, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.” The standards stipulate that ethnicity data need not be limited to the two minimum categories, but any expansion must be collapsible to those categories. In addition, the standards stipulate that an individual can be Hispanic or Latino or can be Not Hispanic or Latino, but cannot be both.

This Code system is referenced in the content logical definition of the following value sets:


This code system defines the following properties for its concepts

SpecializesCodingThe child code is a more narrow version of the concept represented by the parent code. I.e. Every child concept is also a valid parent concept. Used to allow determination of subsumption. Must be transitive, irreflexive, antisymmetric.
GeneralizesCodingInverse of Specializes. Only included as a derived relationship.
internalIdhttp://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/utg-concept-properties#v3-internal-idcodeThe internal identifier for the concept in the HL7 Access database repository.
statushttp://hl7.org/fhir/concept-properties#statuscodeDesignation of a concept's state. Normally is not populated unless the state is retired.


This case-sensitive code system http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/v3-Ethnicity defines the following codes in a Is-A heirarchy:

12135-2 Hispanic or Latino15837active
2  2137-8 Spaniard15838active
3    2138-6 Andalusian15839active
3    2139-4 Asturian15840active
3    2140-2 Castillian15841active
3    2141-0 Catalonian15842active
3    2142-8 Belearic Islander15843active
3    2143-6 Gallego15844active
3    2144-4 Valencian15845active
3    2145-1 Canarian15846active
3    2146-9 Spanish Basque15847active
2  2148-5 Mexican15848active
3    2149-3 Mexican American15849active
3    2150-1 Mexicano15850active
3    2151-9 Chicano15851active
3    2152-7 La Raza15852active
3    2153-5 Mexican American Indian15853active
2  2155-0 Central American15854active
3    2156-8 Costa Rican15855active
3    2157-6 Guatemalan15856active
3    2158-4 Honduran15857active
3    2159-2 Nicaraguan15858active
3    2160-0 Panamanian15859active
3    2161-8 Salvadoran15860active
3    2162-6 Central American Indian15861active
3    2163-4 Canal Zone15862active
2  2165-9 South American15863active
3    2166-7 Argentinean15864active
3    2167-5 Bolivian15865active
3    2168-3 Chilean15866active
3    2169-1 Colombian15867active
3    2170-9 Ecuadorian15868active
3    2171-7 Paraguayan15869active
3    2172-5 Peruvian15870active
3    2173-3 Uruguayan15871active
3    2174-1 Venezuelan15872active
3    2175-8 South American Indian15873active
3    2176-6 Criollo15874active
2  2178-2 Latin American15875active
2  2180-8 Puerto Rican15876active
2  2182-4 Cuban15877active
2  2184-0 Dominican15878active
12186-5 Not Hispanic or LatinoNote that this term remains in the table for completeness, even though within HL7, the notion of "not otherwise coded" term is deprecated.15879active


2023-11-14reviseTSMGMarc DuteauAdd standard copyright and contact to internal content; up-476
2022-10-20deprecateSDMarc DuteauDeprecate the Ethnicity Code System in THO; up-265
2022-10-18reviseTSMGMarc DuteauFixing missing metadata; up-349
2022-02-17 00:00:32+1100reviseVocabulary WGGrahame GrievePopulate Missing caseSensitive property; UP-286
2020-05-06reviseVocabulary WGTed KleinMigrated to the UTG maintenance environment and publishing tooling.